Milestones

  • 1950 - Alan Turing invents the Turing Test 

  • 1956 - John McCarthy coins 'artificial intelligence'

  • 1961 - Eliza, the first chatbot created 

  • 1966 - Shakey the robot -first general purpose robot

  •               used reasoning for actions

  • 1968 - Stanley Kubrick's "2001: A Space Odyssey

  •               portrayed AI, Marvin Minsky was an advisor  

  • 1973 - AI Winter, funding cut due to lack of progress

  • 1990 - Rodney Brooks and advances in neuroscience

  •               revive AI 

  • 1997 - Deep Blue defeats world champion chess

  •               player, Garry Kasparov

  • 1999 - AiBO by Sony, first robot pet dog sold to

  •              public 

  • 2005 - Boston Dynamics creates Big Dog and iRobot

  •              creates PackBot for the U.S. military

  • 2011 - Siri, virtual assistant, is added to Apple

  •               iPhone4S 

  • 2011 - Watson (IBM) competes and takes 1st place

  •               on Jeopardy

  • 2014 - Eugene Goostman, 1st chatbot to pass Turing 

  •               Test      

  • 2014 - Alexa, Amazon's virtual assistant is born